Problem? No problem.

Painful revelation #5473984 since beginning to code: I need better problem-solving habits.  Sure, I’m plenty smart and can use problem solving skills if I really need to, but step-by-step problem-solving is not yet second-nature.

I didn’t realize how sloppy my problem-solving process was until I started school last year.  At that point, I had been doing JS on my own for about 9 months, and my approach to problem solving was as follows:

  1. puzzled stick figureSee a problem
  2. Brainstorm about what could be causing the problem -> {usually no idea}
  3. Fiddle with a few things and look for typos -> {typically creates even more problems}
  4. Get super frustrated
  5. Print out my entire database
  6. Anger-eat a sleeve of Oreos, taking no pleasure in them
  7. Undo everything back to just the one problem
  8. Binge-watch Parks and Rec until I can calm down enough to think about the problem again

Now, having looked on with some brilliant colleagues, I see that there are much less maddening ways to find bugs.  Even though many problems still start out as a ‘black box’ in my mind, I now take a much more scientific approach — something like this:

  1. See a problem.
  2. Distill the problem.  Say what you expect vs. what you are getting, or draw it on paper if it is complicated.  This helps you crystallize the problem in your mind, and sometimes even helps you solve it at this step.
  3. Isolate the problem function(s). This may mean commenting out sections of HTML or JavaScript in order to focus on just one part of the code.
  4. Simplify inputs and outputs.  Sometimes cluttered code or complex variable names can make a problem seem overly complicated.  Separate long conditionals into into multiple lines when you can; replace variable names with simpler names.  (Classic blunder: Just because a function is named “postToApi” doesn’t mean that calling this function will actually post to an API.  Sometimes semantic naming can trip you up by creating an assumption of functionality.)  If your program isn’t logging the object you expected, replace the object with a string like ‘foo’ make sure your log statement is being executed.
  5. Break the problematic part into smaller pieces and run through them one by one.  Split a complicated function into smaller pieces.  You can run each piece individually, then start putting pieces together one by one.  As you add each piece in, you’ll be able to see which addition breaks the combination. (Keep in mind — it may be more than one problem and likely is if you’ve gotten this far…)
  6. Watch EVERYTHING.  Watch each variable in the buggy snippet of code from start to finish using logs or a debugger statement.  See where the variables diverge from what you expected.  The nice thing about debuggers is that they often uncover contributing factors that you might not have suspected.

If all else fails, rewrite from scratch.  Sometimes you hit a point where you’re not making progress by debugging.  This can be caused by a stupid mistake, like a typo that you don’t see, or by a bigger logical flaw.  In either case, sometimes the quickest way to a solution is to re-write one or many parts of your function from scratch, without looking at the original.  This might sound like a cop-out, but you don’t always have time to walk away from a problem 10 times and come back to it; sometimes you just need a clean slate to rethink your approach.

Keep breathing.  Keep eating and drinking.  Go watch Ron Swanson eat a Meat Tornado, or whatever gets your mind in a different space.  An exhausted and frazzled engineer is like a bull in a china shop, perpetuating code problems through little mistakes and oversights, but a happy and healthy engineer is better than the best debugger there is.

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